PowerPoint® is a program owned by Microsoft that is used
to create slide-like presentations in digital format. PowerPoint®
files cannot be opened unless you have the PowerPoint® viewer
installed on your computer.
The PowerPoint® viewer is included in the PowerPoint®
program. This program is often installed as part of the Microsoft
Office Suite®. If your computer already has PowerPoint®
v. 2000 or above installed, you should not need to reinstall
When this web page was archived,* PowerPoint 2003 Viewer®
for Microsoft Windows operating systems could be freely downloaded
online at www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyID=428d5727-43ab-4f24-90b7-a94784af71a4&displaylang=en.
The PowerPoint 98 Viewer® for Macintosh platforms was also
available through this page. Alternately, conduct an online
search for newer versions of the viewer from the Microsoft start
page at www.microsoft.com
Once the PowerPoint® program or viewer has been installed
on your computer, clicking the link to a PowerPoint® file
should produce a small window that offers the option of opening
the presentation online or saving it to your hard drive. Some
browsers (e.g., Netscape) must be configured by hand to recognize
files with a PowerPoint® extension. Should the open/save
window fail to appear, check the Options section in your browser
for the PowerPoint® setting.
Be aware that presentations done in PowerPoint® often contain
extensive graphics that may require lengthy download times over
dial-up connections. Please be patient!
Individuals using computers with operating systems other than
Microsoft Windows or Mac will not be able to view the PowerPoint®
presentations offered through this web site.
Accessing PDF Files:
PDF files are digital files containing documents in Adobe Portable
File Format. They may include extensive graphics. PDF files
will not open unless you have the Adobe® Reader® or
the Adobe® Acrobat® program (which contains a reader)
installed on your computer. Viewers with legacy versions of
Adobe® Reader® or the Acrobat® Acrobat® program
on their computers may need to download and install a newer
version of Adobe® Reader® to open the PDF files offered
through this site.
A free version of Adobe® Reader® is available for most
Microsoft, Mac, UNIX based, and Mobile operating systems, and
for OS2/Warp. To link to the Adobe® Reader® download
page, look for the button labeled "Get Adobe® Reader®"
on the active pages in the ITEA web site. Alternately when this
page was archived* the button appeared on the Adobe® web
page located at www.adobe.com.
Saving PDF files:
For most users, RIGHT clicking on the link leading to a PDF
file will produce a pop-up menu. Select "Save As" or "Save Target
As" on the pop-up menu to initiate the save function. Using
this method to save a PDF file to your hard drive eliminates
the need to open the file online first. When dealing with large
PDF files, saving the file to your hard drive for viewing can
result in significant savings in download time, particularly
if you use a dial-up connection to access the Internet.
To view a saved PDF file, find the file on your hard drive and
click on it (some viewers will have to double click). Adobe®
Reader® will open automatically and display the document
contained in the file. Viewing a PDF file from your hard drive
resolves most of the problems Adobe® Reader® may encounter
during online viewing.
If you choose to view a PDF file online, you may also initiate
the save function either from Adobe® Reader®, which
will open up inside your browser window (you should see an icon
that looks like a floppy disk), or from your browser window.
Adobe® Reader® will allow you to initiate the process
of saving the PDF file to your hard drive almost immediately
during online viewing, but the save function cannot finish executing
until the PDF file has downloaded in its entirety. Clicking
on the save function prematurely will keep your computer "busy"
for the length of time it takes the file to finish downloading.
For viewers with dial-up connections the wait can be extensive
if the file is large.
Large PDF Files:
Some of the PDF files offered through the TfAAP web pages are
very large and therefore slow to download. Please be patient
when dealing with large PDF files, especially if you are attempting
to view them in your browser!
For most viewers, clicking a link to a PDF file will automatically
cause the Adobe® Reader® to open inside their browser
window. The first page of the document will begin to display
shortly. This method of accessing a PDF file is referred to
as online viewing, but the word "online" is something of misnomer.
PDF files MUST download to your computer's memory in their entirety
before you will be able to move readily from page to page in
the document. Adobe® Reader® is set by default to open
the file and begin to display the first page of the document
as soon as it has enough information. But that may be long before
the download has finished.
Until the download is completed, Adobe® Reader® may
respond sluggishly when attempting to advance to the next page
in a document. Attempting to advance the document to a page
that has not yet finished downloading will usually just not
work. But occasionally the attempt will cause Adobe® Reader®
to display an error message. Additionally the download may stall
and/or your browser may lock up. To avoid these potential problems,
wait until the download is "Done" before attempting to advance
the document past the first page during online viewing.
Users of dial-up connections will experience the slowest download
times, and may occasionally experience time outs. Time outs
indicate the viewer's service provider or the programming on
their computer has cancelled the file download. They occur most
often during peak times of local phone line use. During these
times viewers using dial-up connections may not be able to view
large PDF documents online.
PDF files can be saved to your hard drive without first opening
them online. Doing so may significantly reduce the time it takes
to download a large PDF file.
Adobe® Reader® Error Messages:
Viewers may occasionally get an erroneous error message from
Adobe® Reader® during an attempt to view a PDF file
online. Saving the PDF file to your hard drive and viewing it
from there will usually resolve the problem.
As an alternative to saving unwanted PDF files to your hard
drive, most of the problems Adobe® Reader® encounters
when opening files online can be resolved by opening Adobe®
Reader® and deselecting the "Allow fast web view" option
in it. This is the option that allows Adobe® Reader®
to attempt to begin displaying a document before the file download
is complete. Be aware that if you change this setting, you will
see a blank browser window until the file download has finished
and download time may be increased.
Adobe® has changed the location of this setting in different
versions of the Adobe® Reader®. In Adobe® Reader®
7.0 (the latest version when this web page was archived*), click
on "Edit" on the main menu; "Preferences." on the drop down
menu, and "Internet" in the Categories section of the Preferences
window. The "Allow fast web view" option will be under the "Web
Browser Options" section. It will be selected by default. Click
the check mark next to the option to deselect it, turning it
Some versions of Adobe® Reader® will not allow you to
save the altered setting and will restore the default setting
as soon as you close the program. Leave the program open until
you are finished viewing documents Adobe® Reader® had
problems displaying online.
All of the PDF files offered through the TfAAP web area were
tested and worked correctly when the pages were archived.* But
occasionally a PDF file will become corrupted on the server.
Should you get an Adobe® Reader® error message specifically
stating that a file may be corrupted both when attempting to
view it online, and after attempting to save and open it from
your hard drive, please notify ITEA.
Locked PDF files:
ITEA has chosen to lock some of the documents offered as PDF
files through the this web area to reinforce ownership of the
intellectual property (Copyright).
These files can be identified by the presence of an icon that
looks like a closed lock in the lower, left corner of the Adobe®
Reader® window. You may not print locked PDF files. To purchase
printed copies of these documents from ITEA see Ordering
Note that ALL of the documents offered through this web site
are protected by copyright, whether the files containing them
are locked or not.
* The TfAAP web pages were archived in January 2006. They will
not continue to be updated.