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1914 Association Dr.
Reston, VA 20191
FAX (703) 860-0353
Engineering byDesign™ (EbD)
"The Engineering byDesign™
built on the belief that the ingenuity of
children is untapped, unrealized potential
properly motivated, will lead
to the next generation of
innovators, designers, and
The International Technology and Engineering Educators
Association's STEM±Center for Teaching and Learning™ has developed
the only standards-based national model for Grades K-12 that
delivers technological literacy in a STEM context. The model,
Engineering byDesign™ is built on the Common Core State Standards (
School / Middle
School, with NGSS coming soon), Standards
for Technological Literacy (ITEEA); Principles and Standards for
School Mathematics (NCTM); and Project 2061,
Benchmarks for Science Literacy (AAAS). Additionally, the
Program K-12 has been mapped to the National Academy of
Challenges for Engineering.
Using constructivist's models, students participating in
the program learn concepts and principles in an authentic,
problem/project-based environment. Through an integrative STEM
environment, EbD™ uses all four content areas as well as
English-Language Arts to help students understand the complexities
We live in a technological world. Living in the
twenty-first century requires much more from every individual than a
basic ability to read, write, and perform simple mathematics.
Technology and engineering affects every aspect of our lives, from
enabling citizens to perform routine tasks to requiring that they be
able to make responsible, informed decisions that affect
individuals, our society, and the environment.
Citizens of today must have a basic understanding of
how technology affects their world and how they exist both within
and around technology. Technological literacy is fundamentally
important to all students. Technological processes have become so
complex that the community and schools collaborate to provide a
quality technology program that prepares students for a changing
technological world that is progressively more dependent on an
informed, technologically literate citizenry.
EbD™ is also linked to the National Academy of
Engineering's Grand Challenges for Engineering. Through these
real-life engineering issues/problems/challenges, students begin to
envision their future beyond the school building.
The ITEEA model STEM program is committed to providing
technological study in facilities that are safe and facilitate
creativity, enabling all students to meet local, state, and national
technological literacy standards. Students are prepared to engage in
additional technological study in the high school years and beyond.
Students will be prepared with knowledge and abilities to help them
become informed, successful citizens who are able to make sense of
the world in which they live. The technology program also enables
students to take advantage of the technological resources in their
own community. The EbD™ program also enables students to be wise
consumers, advocates, and change agents of the technological
resources in their own community.
Provide a standards-based K-12 program that
ensures that all students are technologically literate.
Provide opportunities for all students without
regard to gender or ethnic origin.
Provide clear standards and expectations for
increasing student achievement in science, technology, engineering
Provide leadership and support that will produce
continuous improvement and innovation in the program.
Restore America's status as the leader in
Provide a program that constructs learning from a
very early age and culminates in a capstone experience that leads
students to become the next generation of engineers,
technologists, innovators, and designers.
The program is organized around ten principles. These
principles are very large concepts that identify major content
organizers for the program. In order of importance, the seven
organizing principles are:
Engineering through design improves life.
Technology and engineering have affected, and
continues to affect everyday life.
Technology drives invention and innovation and is
a thinking and doing process.
Technologies are combined to make technological
Technology creates issues and impacts that change
the way people live and interact.
Engineering and technology are the basis for
improving on the past and creating the future.
- Technology and engineering solve problems.
- Technology and engineering use inquiry, design and systems
thinking to produce solutions.
- Technological and engineering design is a process used to
develop solutions for human wants and needs
- Technological applications create the designed world.
STEM and IT Pathways
The EbD™ Program is a model used by schools developing themes in
the STEM and IT Clusters that are seeking to increase all students'
achievement in technology, science, mathematics, and English through
authentic learning. The program is built on constructivist models
and creates awareness and competence over time as it builds on
learned knowledge and skills--aligning closely with the Cluster
Knowledge and Skills in both the STEM and IT Clusters.
The EbD™ Program was designed to maintain integrity through two
Pathway program, where schools adopt the articulated sequence of
courses in a STEM and/or an IT-themed academy.
Modularizing the components and adapting the design themes to
support the STEM, IT, or other academy models. In this scenario, as
in many career-themed academy models, some modification is required
to ensure themes are aligned with the Cluster Knowledge and